Underestimation of own work and a labor market that values women’s work less are two hypotheses that the research “Inequality between men and women and gender roles” raises regarding the identification of women receiving a “fair wage” “30% lower than men’s. This, he says, “could be related to the fact that they negotiate their salaries less than men.”
The work, led by the academic of the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Chile, Valentina Paredes, also indicated that women receive a salary 20% lower than men. In this sense, while women receive a monthly median income of $ 300,000 thousand pesos, and consider as fair a median remuneration of $ 500,000, men receive a median income of $ 415,000, and consider as fair a median remuneration of $ 700,000. Among the most alarming results, the study also found that 58% of women fewer than 60 years of age do not contribute a figure that in the case of men reaches 34.9%.
The gaps between both sexes are also marked in other indicators, particularly in the segment of people between 18 and 59 years. In this way, it was reported that women have a lower labor participation (66.7% of women versus 92.3% of men); a higher percentage of part-time work, (22.5% of women versus 10.7% of men); a greater overload of tasks associated with the care of third parties such as the elderly, the sick and children; and a lower willingness to participate in politics and collective actions. Based on these and other results, the investigation concluded that Chilean women continue to be more vulnerable and unprotected in terms of labor rights, especially regarding equal work conditions and fair pension.
On the other hand, she gave an account of the prejudice towards women, sexist attitudes in relation to traditional gender roles and the perception that men and women have of the current conflict of gender gaps. In this area, it is noteworthy that over 50% of the women surveyed consider that there is “a lot or a lot of conflict” in gender roles, compared to a little over 40% perceived by men. Along the same lines, people who perceive that income differences in Chile are too large also report that it is necessary for men to assume more domestic tasks.
The research corresponds to the V Module of the Longitudinal Social Study of Chile (ELSOC) on “Gender: gaps and attitudes” of the Center for the Study of Conflict and Social Cohesion (COES).
The panel-type longitudinal study, unique in Chile and Latin America, consists of surveying almost 3,000 Chileans, annually, over a decade to evaluate the way Chileans think, feel and behave around a set of issues referred to conflict and social cohesion in Chile. By its nature, this study seeks to analyze, in a representative sample at the national level, stability or change in various social dimensions, taking into account factors that moderate or explain them over the years.