1Iwo Jima Volcano (Japan)
A team of researchers from the University of Manchester (United Kingdom) has published the list of the 10 most dangerous volcanoes on our planet. It has been 25 years since an enumeration of these characteristics was made, warning of the threat of certain volcanoes that are not studied or observed as well as they should.
In the number 1 of the list we have the Iwo Jima volcano in Japan, where the island has been pushed up to 17 meters above the surface of the ocean due to the magma chamber that grows in the lower area. According to experts, the eruption of the Iwo Jima volcano will cause a tsunami about 25 meters high and affect the south of Japan and part of China, including the cities of Shanghai and Hong Kong.
2Volcano of Chiltepe / Apoyeque (Nicaragua)
In the list drawn up by the scientists of the University of Manchester, this Nicaraguan volcano would occupy second place in danger because it has a real possibility of eruption in the next 100 years. Managua, due to its proximity and population density, would be the most affected in case it erupted.
3Volcano of Campos Flégreos (Italy)
There are many parts of the world where the control of volcanoes is very poor, say scientists from the University of Manchester who have developed this list. And it is worrisome because most of these volcanoes are located relatively close to populated areas. In the case of Campei Flegrei or Campos Flégreos, a nested cauldron 13 km wide, Naples would be the city most devastated by this volcano, which could reach one million deaths or more in the event of an eruption. It is the third super volcano of this Top10.
4Mount Aso Volcano (Japan)
Located in the center of the Aso Kujū National Park, Mount Aso measures 114 km in circumference and in case of eruption the most affected cities would be Kumamoto and Nagasaki. It is the fourth supervolcano on the list with the risk of causing the death of a million people or more at the time it erupts, which could be for the next 100 years.
5Transmexican Volcanic Belt (Mexico)
It constitutes an area that covers about 920 km. Many of the valleys in this area are in the process of emersion . Although more volcanic activity in the transmexican volcanic belt was manifested in the Plio-Quaternary, scientists at the University of Manchester who have developed the study, emphasize that it is the fifth volcano at risk of erupting in the next years and that would devastatingly affect Mexico City, Pueblo, Toluca.
6Gunung Agung volcano (Indonesia)
The Mount Agung volcano is the highest point on the island of Bali in Indonesia and is also active. It has a large and quite deep crater that occasionally spits smoke and ash. It ranks No. 6 among the 10 most dangerous volcanoes on Earth. If the volcano were to erupt (a plausible possibility in the next 100 years), Bali would end up devastated and with hundreds of thousands dead.
7Mount Cameroon (or Mongo ma Ndemi) (Cameroon)
It is one of the highest volcanoes in Africa with an altitude of 4,095 meters above sea level. This active volcano, like the rest of the list, represents a great threat to regional and global stability should it erupt. The areas at risk would be, above all, Buea and Douala.
8Taal Volcano (Philippines)
Located on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, the volcano island has a lake called Crater Lake; Within the lake there is another volcanic island, called Vulcan Point, which is also the largest island in the world inside a lake on an island within a lake. In case of eruption, Manila, the capital of the Philippines, would be the area in greatest danger.
9Mayon Volcano (Philippines)
It is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines next to the Taal volcano. Located north of the city of Legazpi, this city is the most threatened. Mayon ranks 9th on the list. “We want to raise awareness that there are many volcanoes that could explode and that are not being adequately supervised. We hope that people who live near the volcanoes on this list will receive more help to prepare for an eruption, “explains Henrik Loven, co-author of the volcano list.
10Volcano Gunung Kelud (Indonesia)
This stratovolcano located on the island of Java, in Indonesia, is known for the large explosive eruptions that have developed throughout the history of mankind. There have already been more than 30 eruptions (in 2014 the last) and experts in volcanism at the University of Manchester say that it could erupt in the next 100 years. The city that is most at risk if this happens is Malang.
All the volcanoes included in the list have been analyzed individually on the collaborating website of the Volcano Cafe study.