New findings show that the baldness male pattern and graying premature puts men under 40 at risk for heart disease.
High blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, smoking and physical inactivity are just some of the “traditional” risk factors for developing heart disease; however, new studies suggest that two other risk factors should be added to the list: male baldness and prematurely gray hair.
The results of the study, led by researcher Kamal Sharma, of the Cardiology Department of the Mehta Center of the United Nations Institute of Cardiology and Research in Ahmedabad, India, were presented at the 69th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India , held in Calcutta, India.
The experts examined 790 men under 40 years of age with coronary artery disease and 1,270 healthy men of the same age as control subjects . They evaluated the health of the participants using an electrocardiogram, an echocardiogram, a blood test and a coronary angiogram.
Male baldness was analyzed using a score ranging from 0 (no baldness) to 1 (mild), 2 (moderate) or 3 (severe). The participants were scored after examining up to 24 views of their scalp. A percentage of gray and white hairs was determined. They also examined their angiographic lesions , which represent a marker of coronary artery disease.
The link between baldness, gray hair and the severity of the injuries in both the heart and control group showed that half of men with coronary heart disease had gray hair,compared to only 30% of healthy men. And, almost half of men (49%) had baldness, compared to 27% of men in the healthy group or control group.
Baldness increased the risk of coronary artery disease by 5.6 times and premature aging by 5.3 times. In comparison, obesity increased the risk of heart disease by just over 4 times.
Type 2 diabetes, hypertension , a family history of heart disease, a high body mass index (BMI), high triglycerides and smoking also predicted coronary artery disease.
” The incidence of coronary artery disease in young men is increasing but can not be explained by the traditional risk factors.Premature aging and male pattern baldness correlate well with vascular age regardless of chronological age, and are risk factors plausible for coronary artery disease, “explains Sachin Patil, co-author of the work.
“Men with premature graying and androgenic alopecia should receive additional control of coronary artery disease and advice on changes in lifestyle, such as healthy diet, exercise and stress management , “says Kamal Sharma, first author study.
However, according to Humane Dhammdeep is necessary to establish a causal relationship before it has to recommend statins (drugs used to lower cholesterol for men with baldness or premature aging and triglycerides).